High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) lanes on highways are reserved for cars carrying at least two “persons”.
But what’s a “person”?
The Supreme Court has declared that there are both “natural persons” (men and women) and “artificial persons” like corporations.
California traffic law recognized both “natural” and “artificial” “persons”.
Here’s the story of a California man who was carrying his corporation’s charter in the passenger seat when he was stopped and ticketed for driving in the HOV lane with only one “person” in his car. He’s defending himself by claiming that his corporation’s charter is (as per the Supreme Court) is also an artificial “person” and therefore he had two “persons” in the vehicle.
The case is going to court. The driver doesn’t expect the police officer to appear and therefore the case will be dismissed.
Why? Because the implications are explosive. First, if corporation papers can be construed as a second “person,” the whole HOV lane scheme may be destroyed. That’s interesting, perhaps amusing, but not profound.
But second, as the commentator in the following video implies, what about those who are ticketed for driving in the HOV lane without a passenger, but who are carrying a drivers license with an all upper case name on it like “ALFRED N ADASK”? What if such drivers contended that their proper name were, say, “Alfred Adask” and therefore the name “ALFRED N ADASK” on their drivers license is a second and separate “person”?