Preamble to the “Bill of Rights”

17 Apr


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Today, it’s generally forgotten that when the “Bill of Rights” was ratified in A.D. 1791, that it included a “preamble” from Congress that explained fundamental purposes for those first ten Amendments.

Understanding these fundamental purposes is important since those purposes constitute evidence of the intent of the Amendments/law.  The law is the legislators’ intent. In the case of the Constitution and Amendments, the “legislators” are We the People.  The preamble to the “Bill of Rights” explains the People’s/sovereign’s intent behind the Bill of Rights and thus explains the fundamental “law” of those Amendments.

For example, once you understand this “preamble,” you’ll see that the 2nd Amendment right to keep and bear arms was intended to protect the people of the several States of the Union—but not against invasion by foreign enemies—but rather, from despotism imposed by our own federal government.

If you google “Bill of Rights preamble” you’ll find several sources for this document.

Here’s the Preamble’s text:

The First 10 Amendments to the
Constitution as Ratified by the States

December 15, 1791


Congress OF THE United States
begun and held at the City of New York, on Wednesday
the Fourth of March, one thousand seven hundred and eighty nine.

THE Conventions of a number of the States having at the time of their adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further declaratory and restrictive clauses should be added: And as extending the ground of public confidence in the Government, will best insure the beneficent ends of its institution.

RESOLVED by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, two thirds of both Houses concurring, that the following Articles be proposed to the Legislatures of the several States, as Amendments to the Constitution of the United States, all or any of which Articles, when ratified by three fourths of the said Legislatures, to be valid to all intents and purposes, as part of the said Constitution; viz.:

ARTICLES in addition to, and Amendment of the Constitution of the United States of America, proposed by Congress, and ratified by the Legislatures of the several States, pursuant to the fifth Article of the original Constitution.

The previous “preamble” is then followed by the first ten Amendments (“Bill of Rights”).

The fundamental “purposes” for the Bill of Rights is seen in the first paragraph/sentence of the Preamble:

“THE Conventions of a number of the States having at the time of their adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further declaratory and restrictive clauses should be added: And as extending the ground of public confidence in the Government, will best insure the beneficent ends of its institution.”

Fifty-nine words.  One sentence.  Let’s take it apart, piece by piece:

•  First, who caused the Bill of Rights to be added?

A: “THE Conventions of a number of States”.

Note that these “conventions” were not state legislatures, but were instead private “assemblies” of the People of the various States of the Union.  These “conventions” took place to ratify the Constitution in A.D. 1787 & 1788.

The Constitution was ratified by the People, not by the State governments.  That tells us that the People were the sovereigns (plural), not the governments of the States of the Union.  In essence, the People/sovereigns agreed to ratify the Constitution on condition that a Bill of Right would subsequently be added. (It might be argued that if there’s no Bill of Rights, then there’s no Constitution.)

The Constitution is the “People’s law”.  Statutes are the “government’s law”.  The government’s law is intended to be of lower authority than the People’s law.

•  Second, why did the People “desire” these first ten Amendments?

A: “[T]o prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers.”

What does the preamble mean by “its powers”?  It means the powers of the newly-ratified Constitution.

Who could misconstrue or abuse the powers of the newly-ratified Constitution?  The States of the Union?  No.  The counties?  No.  Foreign countries like England, Canada or France?  No.

Insofar as the federal government is the only entity with access to the powers of the Constitution, the only entity that might able to “misconstrue or abuse” the newly-granted powers of the Constitution would be the federal government.

Thus, the fundamental purpose of the Bill of Rights was to protect the States of the Union and the People of the States of the Union from the federal government.

Get that?

The People who founded this country expressly demonstrated in the Preamble to the Bill of Rights that the People, quite sensibly, didn’t trust the newly-created federal government as far as they could throw it.  They regarded the federal government as a necessary evil and, as George Washington had once warned, at best a “dangerous servant”.  Therefore, distrusting the newly-created federal government, the People insisted that the Constitution be amended to include additional protections for the People and against the federal government.

From this perspective, you can see that the 2nd Amendment’s guarantee of the right to keep and bear arms was intended to protect the People from federal government.  I.e., the 2nd Amendment was intended to empower the People to shoot federal politicians, officers and employees if they tried to use the Constitution as a device to subject the People to despotism rather than serve them.

(This implies that the fundamental purpose of the militia’s of the States of the Union (referenced in the 2nd Amendment) was to protect the States against the federal government.  This is particularly interesting insofar as modern “state militias” (National Guard) are now primarily under the control of the federal government rather than the governments of the Sates of the Union.  Thus, the  organized “militia” originally intended to protect the People against the federal government, has been captured by the feds and now primarily serves the federal government rather than the People of the States.)

The purpose for the 2nd Amendment was to guarantee that the People had enough weapons to intimidate (and, if need be, kill) federal officers or employees if they attempted to subject the People to despotism (absolute rule).  This is not a license to shoot any cop you don’t like.  But, as declared in the “Declaration of Independence,”

“Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security.”

 The Preamble to the Bill of Rights refers to “misconstruction and abuse” of the powers of the Constitution.  The “Declaration of Independence” refers to “abuses and usurpations”.  I have no doubt that the “misconstruction” referenced in the Bill of Rights corresponds to the “usurpations” (unwarranted takings of powers not granted) in the Declaration.

“Despotism” means absolute and unlimited power confided to single man or elite group.  It necessarily means that such “despot” would not recognize any higher authority including 1) the God of the Bible; and 2) the People.  Instead, the “despot” (individual or elite group) would rule however he/it desired without limit or restraint imposed by others.

Correlatively, “despotism” means that the People other than the “despot(s)” are reduced not merely to status subjects (who have some rights such as the right of protection due from a monarch to his subjects), but to status of objects—to the status of chattel, goy, animals and “human resources”—who have virtually no rights whatsoever.

I.e., if the “despot” has absolute power, the People have no power (or rights) whatsoever.

The Declaration declares that when there is persistent evidence (a “long train of abuses and usurpations”) that a particular “government” intends to rule with absolute authority, recognizing no higher authority and reducing the people to the status of objects without rights—then it is the People’s right and even duty to “throw off” such despotic government and form a new government whose principle duty would to secure the People’s “future security” rather than the security of the despot and/or of the government (perhaps under the pretext of “national security”).

Thus, the Declaration was based in part on the principle that the fundamental purpose of government is to serve the People rather than compel the People to serve the government.

But, when there was sufficient evidence to show that a government had abandoned its role as servant and assumed the role of master (despot), then it was the People’s right and duty to “throw off” such government and construct another.

How do you suppose such despotic governments should (or could) be thrown off?  By petitioning our congressmen?  By voting the despot(s) out of office?

Insofar as we are subjected to a despotic government, by definition, that government doesn’t give a damn about anything the People say or vote because the despots presume the People to be objects rather than men and women made in our Father YHWH Elohiym’s image and endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights.  By definition, a despotic government will not admit the People have rights or peacefully restore power to the People.

When faced with a despotic government, the people have only three choices: 1) surrender and submit to the violence of despotism; 2) wait on God to miraculously remove the despots; and 3) commit violent acts to “throw off” the despots.

Despotism is, by definition, violent.  Either the People consent to be subjected to the despot’s violence, or the People rise up to “throw off” the despot by subjecting the despot to violence.  The United States of America began with the choice to “throw off” the despots by means of violence against the despot.

The right to commit violence against despots would be essentially meaningless unless the People retained sufficient weapons to affect that overthrow.

The 2nd Amendment is evidence that the Founders: 1) never trusted the federal government; and 2) sought to provide the People with sufficient weapons to “throw off” any despots that might one day seize control of the levers of federal power.

The 2nd Amendment’s purpose is not to protect the right to go duck hunting in the Fall.  It’s not to protect us against invasion by Red China.  The 2nd Amendment recognized that the principle enemy of the People of The United States of America was, and would always be, our own federal government.

Thus, the 2nd Amendment’s purposes are:

1) always to intimidate the federal government with the implicit threat of blowing their damn brains out if they become despots (masters) rather than servants; and

2) rarely, but sometimes, to shoot and kill any agents of despotic government.

Much like the 2nd Amendment, the 1st Amendment’s protections for freedoms of assembly, speech, press and petitioning government for redress of grievance were all intended to prevent the federal government from silencing the people in order to subject them to Despotism.

Likewise, every one of the first ten Amendments were ratified for the purpose of protecting the People of the States from the federal government’s intentional “misconstruction” or “abuse” of the powers of the Constitution of the United States.

•  Third, how can we describe the first ten Amendments?

A:  As “declaratory and restrictive clauses”.

Who makes “declarations”?   Sovereigns.

I.e., the “sovereigns” (We the People) made certain “declarations” (Bill of Rights) concerning how the powers that we delegated to the federal government might be exercised by our servants—the federal officers and employees.

What do these clauses “restrict”?  The Bill of Rights was intended to restrict the ability of federal officers and employees to exercise the powers granted by the Constitution.

Just as the “governor” on an engine is intended to ensure that the engine will never exceed a certain speed, the Bill of Rights was intended to ensure that the federal government would never exceed the limits of powers intended and granted by the Founders.

•  Fourth, the Preamble to the Bill of Rights further explains a purpose of the Bill of Rights as, “extending the ground of public confidence in the Government, will best insure the beneficent ends of its institution.”

The term “confidence” typically implies the existence of a trust relationship wherein the beneficiary “trusts” the fiduciary (servant) to act in the best interests of the beneficiary.  Similarly, the term “beneficent” is sufficiently similar to “beneficiary” to imply the existence of a trust relationship.

As used in the Preamble to the Bill of Rights, The terms “public confidence” and “beneficent ends” imply that the Constitution is a trust indenture wherein the People (sovereigns) are intended to be the beneficiaries and the government (and it officers and employees) are intended to be fiduciaries (servants) acting in the best interests of the People/beneficiaries.  The “beneficent ends” of the Constitution were to serve the best interests of the People of the several States of the Union.

•  George Washington—the first president of the federal government—once warned that, “Government, like fire, is a dangerous servant and a fearful master.”

Washington saw government as existing in only two forms:

1) dangerous servant; and

2) fearful master.

In Washington’s view, the best you ever get from any government is a “dangerous servant”.

That is, under a trust indenture like the Constitution, government may be the People’s servant/fiduciary—but that government is always struggling to reverse that relationship, assume the role of the “master”/sovereign and reduce the people to the role of fiduciaries/servants (or even objects).  Washington warned that while government may be your servant, that servant is always dangerous, always seeking to overthrow the People’s sovereignty and claim absolute power and sovereignty for itself.  Thus, anyone dumb enough to trust the government is a fool and a lousy excuse for an “American”.

Insofar as the “dangerous servant” succeeds in usurping power and sovereignty for itself, it evolves into the “fearful master” (despot) and the People are necessarily degraded to the status of subjects, objects or even animals.

Since A.D. 1933, American history provides ample evidence that our “ever-dangerous servant” has usurped and abused powers, that it is bent on becoming our national despot and reducing Americans to the status of “objects” or “animals”.

As irrefutable evidence, consider the articles I’ve written on “man or other animals” at  Pay particular attention to  and which show that our government has expressly declared the People to be nothing more than “animals” and that doing so constitutes an act of GENOCIDE against the American People.

This is no joke.  Genocide.  It’s not hyperbole.  When you apply the facts to the law of genocide, it’s apparent that your purported government, right now, is committing genocide against you, me and the American people.  This is absolute evidence that our “dangerous servant” is evolving into the “fearful master”.

Who believes that today’s “government” is acting in the best interests of the American People?  Anyone?  Who believes that today’s federal “government” has not perpetrated “a long train of abuses and usurpations” against We the People?  Who would deny that the evidence of this “long train of abuses and usurpations . . . evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism”?

As declared in the Preamble to the Bill of Rights, the first ten Amendments to The Constitution of the United States are intended to protect us against the despotism of the federal government.  Use them accordingly.

Authored on March 17th, A.D. 2011 by Alfred Adask–a man made in our Father YHWH Elohiym’s image and endowed by my Creator with certain unalienable Rights–writing at arm’s length within the venue of The County of Dallas within The State of Texas—a member-State of the perpetual Union styled “The United States of America”.


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45 responses to “Preamble to the “Bill of Rights”

  1. PatriotOne

    April 17, 2011 at 10:34 PM

    I can comprehend that the three branches as set up shall abide by the Constitution and Amendments, but is the IRS bound by the same? Being that the IRS is not a dejure body. Is Ford, Penske, JB Hunt bound by the Constitution? They all should be within their contracting with government, but not when contracting without government (or should they being legal fictions?).
    Concerning the IRS, whose contract must only exist with the government, how does it get away without corpus delecti, warrant, due process.
    Amazing that congress is helpless. Or is it?

    • constitutionalist

      October 29, 2014 at 3:03 AM


      • Adask

        October 29, 2014 at 5:54 AM

        Stop shouting. If it’s too much trouble to write in lower case letters, don’t write on this blog.

    • PatriotNation1776

      September 14, 2017 at 12:03 PM

      You stated, “the 2nd Amendment right to keep and bear arms was intended to protect the people of the several States of the Union—but not against invasion by foreign enemies”. This is fundamentally incorrect. States can, as a matter of constitutional law, engage in War”— “No State shall, without the Consent of Congress * * * engage in War, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent Danger as will not admit of delay.” ARTICLE I, SECTION 10, CLAUSE 3. Therefore as the Constitution itself recognizes, a State may engage in “War” if there should be “an invasion by foreign enemies” if the State is “actually invaded, or in such imminent Danger as will not admit of delay”. ARTICLE I, SECTION 10, CLAUSE 3.

      • Adask

        September 14, 2017 at 1:38 PM

        You’re missing my point. Yes, it was simple common sense that a State could protect itself with arms if the State was invaded by a foreign country. But what if that same State was “invaded” by the Federal Government? Could the Federal Government pass a law that obliged the State to surrender its arms before the Feds invaded? The Founders were worried that such federal laws might be possible and therefore enacted the 2nd Amendment to protect the States from gun-grabbing laws passed by the Federal Government–and thereby protect the States from the Federal Government. The Founders figured the States could handle invasions by foreign countries. It was the Federal Government that the States feared and therefore the States passed the 2nd Amendment to guarantee their ability to defend against a tyrannical Federal Government.

        The 2nd Amendment is intended to protect us against the Fed’s laws, not against some foreigners’ invasions.

  2. Adask

    April 18, 2011 at 1:41 AM

    If the IRS is a private entity–and judging from the reports at, that appears to be the case–then, truly, the IRS is not part of the de jure government and is therefore no more bound by the Constitution than McDonalds or Walmart. If so, the IRS has little or no real authority to collect taxes, but has enormous power to collect taxes. I.e., if the IRS derives no authority from the Constitution, it is also not subject to constitutional limits on the exercise of power.
    The problem may not be with the IRS, per se. The problem may be with the three “constitutional” branches of what passes for federal government that allow the private-entity IRS to predate upon the American people. In theory, those three branches should still be bound by the Constitution. In theory, not one of those three branches should allow the IRS to masquerade as a true “government agency”.
    Congress (and the executive branch, and the judicial branch) are not “helpless”. They are at best ignorant, more likely indifferent, and at worse, knowingly engaged in institutionalized treason against the several United States.
    And even then, the problem may not be with the “government,” but rather with the American people who are ignorant and intellectually lazy and insist on their right to remain so. The IRS will continue to act in an un-constitutional (or at least non-constitutional) capacity just as long as the American people allow it to do so.
    It’s like robbing banks. If I knew that I could rob a bank whenever I wanted an never be shot at, arrested or prosecuted, it wouldn’t be too surprising if I support myself by robbing banks rather than working. However, if the bankers changed their “law” to prohibit my robberies and instead starting shooting at me, arresting me and prosecuting me whenever I robbed a bank, chances are I’d give up bank robbery and go back to working for a living.
    Similarly, if the American people ever decide to get up off the couch, read some books, the Declaration of Independence and the Constitutions, and order their congressmen to terminate the IRS “or else,” the IRS would be terminated. As long as the American people don’t object to be robbed of their wealth and their rights, the robberies will not only continue but even increase.
    On the other hand, insofar as Americans begin to resist the robbers, the robberies should at least diminish.

    • Dan

      April 19, 2011 at 11:06 PM

      Yeah. Ever tried to get a job without filing a bunch of IRS paperwork, W-4s etc.? How about you just pay me in “cash?”

      Also, many if not most employers tell prospective employees how many deductions they must or are allowed to claim once the prospective employee fills out the W-4.

      I thought “right to contract” included employment.

  3. Dan

    April 19, 2011 at 11:50 PM


    Nice article! I didn’t know the Bill of Rights has a Preamble. I swear I have read it a bunch of times and I somehow missed it.

    Thanks for teaching me.

  4. given-cynthia

    June 27, 2011 at 8:12 AM

    For consideration, anything ‘of the’ versus ‘for the’ implies corporate. You might want to look up the very first company upon America, which was the Virginia Company, and the Intentions of its “Board” or “President” for America. I found it very interesting that essentially the original Foundations of North America. What was going on then is essentially the exact same thing going on now. To learn more look for your State Laws at Large, from the 1600s to 1700s, skim each page, and you will have an eye opener as to how ‘the system’ worked then, and how it still works today. Essentially you are told that ‘we beat the founding nation’s monarchy back’ but in point of fact, essentially NOTHING HAS CHANGED, even the position titles of government and court are the same, with a few ADDITIONS. We’re on a penal colony, and all men were Imports. Yes, ‘commodity’ for profits of the CROWN or English monarchy (two separate things, often confused as one).

  5. ray livingston

    August 10, 2011 at 1:11 PM

    Iam 67yrs old,a brand new patriot(7 yrs back), proud Marine Corps vet.just stumbled on this siteand am amazed at WHAT THIS PREAMBLE REALLY SAYS ,AND HOW IT MIRRORS THAT WONDERFUL DOCUMENT: DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE ! of course, the enemy within ,should it know of this PREAMBLE, would not only jeer and giggle at it; they ‘d like to condemn it and call any of us traitors. Is this particular Preamble part of the Constitution that prez Obumble wishes/wants to change…? I BETCHA!

  6. Mark

    October 31, 2012 at 2:19 PM

    Alfred, I’ve listened to your interviews on Alex Jones and listened to your speech on youtube on the “man or other animals” and I’m interested in your opinion of this thought; could it not be argued, that an infringement on ANY of our rights listed in the Bill of Rights, be considered a violation of our freedom of religion? Since we are made in the image of God and the founders declared that our rights come from our Creator, any violation of any of the listed unalienable rights is a violation of our freedom of religion.

    I’d like your take on that.

    • Adask

      October 31, 2012 at 4:12 PM

      If the rights you reference in the “Bill of Rights” can be linked to the God-given, unalienable Rights seen in the Declaration of Independence, then the “man or other animals” argument might be effective. For example, I could link the 2nd Amendment’s right to keep and bear arm’s to the fact that I am made in God’s image (Genesis 1:26-28) and as implied by Genesis 9:6 (which declares that you can kill all the animals you like, but you can’t kill a man because he’s made in God’s image) that I (being made in God’s image) not only have a duty to not kill other men who are made in God’s image, I have an even more profound duty to protect the particular “image of God” (my physical body) with which I was personally “endowed by my Creator”. Thus, in order to protect my personal “image of God,” I may have a right to keep and bear arms.

      As previously expressed, my argument is convoluted and strained. I might do a better job by simply arguing that my God-given, unalienable Right to Life includes my right of self-defense. Insofar as my right to life is God-given, it can be asserted against any presumption that I am a mere animal.

      What I’m trying to illustrate is that if you can take any particular right and show that that right flows from God, then the “man or other animals” line of defense may be effective.

      • Mark

        October 31, 2012 at 11:54 PM

        Thanks Alfred, I like how you think

  7. James Barnes

    November 21, 2012 at 12:15 PM

    Great article Al been studying the founding documents very carefully and coming to know them intimately. This article was very informative and gave me new perspectives on a few items that I hadn’t thought of. Appreciated.

  8. Fact-checking

    February 28, 2017 at 9:19 PM

    It’s quite impressive that according to your page Congress proposed these Amendments to the Constitution in 1781, seven years before the Constitution was drafted (1787) and eight years before it was ratified (1788). Care to check your facts there?

    • Adask

      February 28, 2017 at 11:08 PM

      Apparently, I typed 1781 when I meant to type 1791.

  9. Diamondback

    June 5, 2017 at 11:42 AM

    Well, We the People, are already late to the party. We should’ve been shooting these oath-breaking, usurping as swipes for the last hundred years or so!

  10. Timothy Young

    February 14, 2018 at 10:17 PM

    Absolutely riviting! Written with the beautiful clarity that only patriotism can expound. In the very late eighties, or the early nineties I subscribed to your great magazine. I was very very sorry that you went to computer media. I was an IRS combatant. I read the Law, the Regulations, and crossed their sword. Thinking that I knew what I was doing, I lost my house of fifteen years, lived by the curb for another two and one-half years, and had my bank account evacuated by the Feds. Best fight I was ever in !! Thank you for all the help you gave to me and your other subscribers. I loved your writing then, and now, at seventy-one, even all the more. God Bless you, Mr. Adask, and thank you for loving my country too. By that I mean our written form of government, not the crap and gunk that conspires to pretend to be Statesmen. If you’re wondering, I voted Trump. I got my wish. Goodnight Sir, thank you again, Timothy Young.


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