In order to understand the concept of “treason” as it exists under The Constitution of the United States, you have to closely read Article III Section 3 which first declares, “Treason against the United States, shall consist only in levying War against them, or in adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and Comfort.”
The words “them” and “their” are plural and refer back to the “United States”. Thus, treason–as defined in the People’s Law . . . the Constitution–was only against the several “United States” a/k/a The United States of America. Note that the Constitution does not define or prohibit treason against the territories, Washington DC, the federal government, or the singular “United States” found in the 14th Amendment. Constitutional treason can only be against the people of the several States of the Union.
Article III Section 3 continues with “No Person shall be convicted of Treason unless on the Testimony of two Witnesses to the same overt Act, or on Confession in open Court.”
It’s tough to prove treason. It requires at least two witnesses to the same “overt Act”. If I, alone, were to witness a Congressman committing treason, I might file a “criminal complaint” with the alleged authorities–but that complaint would be almost instantly dismissed. Why? If I can’t produce a 2nd witness, the charge of treason can’t be proved so there’d be no point to proceeding with a prosecution.